I want to start fishing and don’t know where to begin?

I’m looking for advice on equipment and accersories that would be good to have. I live in Los Angeles so I have freshwater, pier and deep sea fishing all available to me. Are the reel and rods that work for all conditions or would I need different equipment for different locations?
Another question, what is the difference between spinning, trollling, casting, and spincast reels?

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Does anyone know anything about my old fishing reel?

it is called a Target All American Spinning Reel and was made in Clawson MI. It’s old and I can’t find anything out about it. It was made by a company called Target Fishing Tackle Inc. but thats all I know. I paid hardly nothing for it and I know it is worth more but I need more info on the company

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