What kind of different types of fishing are there?

My uncle and i went fishing and he used this rod but it did’nt have a reel. instead, it was held parallel to the water and a floating stick was at the end of the line. when a fish bit, the stick would sink or rise and he would pull the rod up with fish. i was wondering what this kind of fishing is called.

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What are ALL the different types of Fishing (in/off shore, ice, etc) and the required rod reel for each type?

I would like to know ALL the different types of fishing and the appropriate fishing rod used in each setting. I know that there is In/off shore, surf fishing, pier fishing, and ice fishing. What types of rods are used in these situations. Also, what other types of fishing are there? What kind of rods are used in those fishing? Thank you.

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